How To Use Electric Nail File?

how to use electric nail file
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The advent of electric nail files has disrupted the norms in the field of nail art, significantly boosting the efficiency of nail technicians. However, due to the perceived complexity of mastering these machines, many individuals find themselves hesitating to explore their potential.

This article aims to demystify the enigmatic world of electric nail files, offering insights into their principles and usage. Imagine your hands or feet as canvases, with the electric nail file as your brush. Together, let’s embark on this exploration!

The Role of Electric Nail Files

Electric nail files, also known as nail drills, are an auxiliary tool developed for nail arts and can be used to remove dead skin, gel polish, remove decoration residues from the nail edges, polish the nail surface (buffing), and can be used to sculpt nails and adjust their thickness. Of course, different needs require different drill bits for various applications.

Understanding and Installing

Electric nail files are made up of two main parts, the part that you hold in your hand to operate is called the handle, the part that controls the speed of the handle and provides the power supply is called the main control unit. The handle is designed with a drill bit lock, when you need to replace the bit, a slight twist can be done.

Typically, when you receive an electric nail file, it includes the main unit, handle, connecting cables, charging cable (with plug), stand, drill bits, and an instruction manual. Before using the file, connect the handle and main unit (for rechargeable models, it’s advisable to fully charge the battery before use to maximize its lifespan). Next, install the drill bit, and you’re ready to power on the machine.

Properties and Categories

1. Handle Motor: The handle motor is the primary factor affecting the performance of electric nail files and is the key classification criterion.

  • Brushed Electric Nail Files: These handles are relatively thick and prone to overheating. They produce higher noise levels (approximately 60dB) and exhibit more significant vibrations at high speeds. Their torque is relatively low (around 2.5ncm). The lifespan of brushed motors is shorter due to wear and tear on the brushes and rotor contact. They are initially cost-effective but can lead to more issues over time.
  • Brushless Electric Nail Files: These handles are slim and have superior heat dissipation, resulting in minimal noise (approximately 43dB) and vibration. They boast better torque (around 4.8ncm). Brushless motors operate using electromagnetic induction and electronic control, eliminating the need for direct brush-rotor contact. Consequently, they have a longer lifespan, though they tend to be pricier.
  • Coreless Electric Nail Files: These handles have a diameter similar to brushless models and fall between brushed and brushless motors in terms of performance. They produce noise levels of around 50dB and offer torque of approximately 3.9ncm. Their pricing falls in the middle range.

2. Main Unit Battery Performance: From this perspective, electric nail files are categorized into plug-in and rechargeable models.

  • Plug-in Models: These do not have built-in batteries and require a constant power source.
  • Rechargeable Models: Most rechargeable models use lithium-ion batteries, allowing cordless operation after charging. Factors affecting battery performance include capacity, energy density, and charge/discharge rates. However, for most off-the-shelf rechargeable electric nail files, these parameters do not differ significantly unless customized for specific requirements.

3. Circuit Board: If you encounter issues such as frequent malfunctions or an inability to start or charge, the circuit board is likely the culprit. Circuit boards are also suitable components to cut corners on, with good boards having smooth procedures and few errors, while cheap boards are riddled with problems.

4. Casing Material: Electric nail files typically come in plastic or metal casings. Plastic casings are more affordable but may feel less premium and can be prone to cracking upon impact. Metal casings are more durable and provide a superior tactile experience, often found in high-end models.

5. Display Screen: Some electric nail files come equipped with display screens that show information like speed, battery level, and rotation direction. LCD screens tend to be more expensive than LED digital displays.

Functionality Key Points

1. Rotation Direction: Electric nail files offer both forward (F, clockwise) and reverse (R, counterclockwise) rotation. The direction of the drill bit’s rotation should be opposite to your hand’s movement for effective nail removal. This ensures resistance for efficient nail polishing, preventing slipping. You can test this by holding the file in your hand at the lowest speed setting.

How To Use Electric Nail File

2. Speed Control: Actual speed is calculated by multiplying the displayed number by 1000. For initial tasks, it’s recommended to use speeds below 10,000 RPM. When polishing, speeds between 15,000 and 20,000 RPM are ideal.

3. Nail Drill Bits: Various drill bits made of different materials and cater to purposes. Here are some basic drill bit types and their uses:

  • Needle Bit: Used for shaping nail edges and creating small pockets. Its curved shape ensures a smooth, even finish. Recommended speed: 5-10.
  • Bullet Bit: Ideal for smoothing uneven nail surfaces and removing nail edge remnants and base gels. Recommended speed: 5-10.
  • Conical Bit: Used for sculpting nail surfaces and addressing nail edges, cuticles, and raised areas. Recommended speed: 10-13.
  • Small Cylinder Bit: Designed for precision work on smaller nail areas, including cuticles, calluses, and nail removal. Recommended speed: 13-18.
  • Large Cylinder Bit: For larger nail areas, this head addresses calluses, cuticles, and nail removal. Recommended speed: 13-18.
  • Sanding Ring Bit: It can be used for nail removal and general nail shaping. Recommended speed: 8-15.
  • Corn Ceramics Bit: Rapid nail removal with a coarser texture. It can also be used for callus and dead skin removal. Its rounded tip is gentle on the skin. Recommended speed: 8-15.

In summary, use small cylinders, large cylinders, corn ceramics, and sanding ring bits for nail polishing and shaping, while needle, conical, and bullet bits are suitable for initial tasks.

Usage Guide

Before starting, ensure your nails are trimmed to the desired length. Hold the handle with a firm but comfortable grip, similar to holding a pen, and power on the machine. After usage, power off and clean the entire unit.

For beginners, it’s advisable to start with lower rotation speeds and gradually increase the speed as you gain confidence. When using the file, avoid pressing too hard; ensure the drill bit remains parallel to the nail surface to prevent accidents. If you’re apprehensive, you can practice on boiled quail eggs to get a feel for it.

During usage, keep the following in mind:

1. Ensure the sanding head is securely fastened before using, with no looseness.

2. When adjusting the rotation speed, do so gradually to avoid sudden and significant changes.

3. Before changing the rotation direction, either turn off the electric nail file or use the pause function.

Conclusion and Action

Thank you for reading our guide on how to use an electric nail file effectively. Now that you’re equipped with the knowledge, it’s time to put it into practice. Enjoy the convenience and beauty of well-maintained nails at your fingertips. If you found this article helpful, feel free to share it with your friends or discover additional nail care tips and tricks on our website!

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